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Terminology


*Far left column indicates the belt level at which the student should be familiar with the Terminology.

Common Classroom Terms:

w

taekwondo

the discipline of hand and foot techniques (foot-hand-art )

w

dojang

training area (house of discipline)

b

kwan jang nim

grandmaster (head of organization)

g

sah bum nim

master instructor

g

kyo sah nim

instructor

r

sun bae nim

senior student

w

dobok

uniform (of discipline)

g

dhee

belt

y

poomse (poomsay)

forms ("hyung" is also used)

b

hosinsool

self-defense

b

guek-ki

national flag

y

kihap

yell (generally accompanied by exhale and tightening of abdomen)

g

keub

grade (non black belt)

g

dan

degree

Instructional Terms:

w

cha-ryuht

attention

w

kyung-ye

bow

w

joon bi

ready (assume ready stance)

y

kyorugi choon bi

sparring ready (assume sparring stance)

g

bah roh

return to initial position

r

dwiro dorah

turn to the rear

g

sijak

begin

b

gomahn

stop

g

kalyeo

break (stop)

b

swio

rest

b

kae sok

continue

r

guek ki-eh

face national flags

r

sah bum nim keh

face master instructor

r

sun bae nim keh

face senior student

r

bahl bak wah sa

switch feet

r

haesan

dismissed

Numbers - Counting / Ordinal:


KOREAN



ORDINAL


w

hanah

1

r

il

1st

w

dool

2

r

ee

2nd

w

set

3

r

sahm

3rd

w

net

4

r

sah

4th

w

dah suht

5

r

oh

5th

y

yuh suht

6

r

yook

6th

y

il guhp

7

r

chuhl

7th

y

yuh duhl

8

r

pahl

8th

y

ah hop

9

r

koo

9th

y

yuhl

10

r

ship

10th

g

yuhl hana

11

r

ship il

11th

g

yuhl dool

12

r

ship ee

12th

g

yuhl set

13

r

ship sahm

13th

g

yuhl net

14

r

ship sah

14th

g

yuhl dah suht

15

r

ship oh

15th

g

yuhl yuh suht

16

r

ship yook

16th

g

yuhl il guhp

17

r

ship chuhl

17th

g

yuhl yuh duhl

18

r

ship pahl

18th

g

yuhl ah hop

19

r

ship koo

19th

g

seumul

20

r

ee ship

20th

b

suhreun

30

r

sahm ship

30th

b

mahreun

40

r

sah ship

40th

r

sheun

50

r

oh ship

50th

r

yehsuhn

60

r

yook ship

60th

r

ilheun

70

r

chuhl ship

70th

r

yuhdeun

80

r

pahl ship

80th

r

ahheun

90

r

koo ship

90th

r

baek

100

r

baek

100th

Movements / Directions:

g

sohgi

stance

g

mahki

block

g

chagi

kick

b

chirugi

punch

r

taerugi

strike

r

sahn ki sool

hand technique

r

bahl ki sool

foot technique

g

kyorugi

sparring

r

twiyo

jump

r

oh ruen

right

r

wen

left

b

ahp

front

b

dwi

back

b

ahn

inner

b

bahket

outer

r

bahndae

reverse

Hand Techniques:

r

bahndae chirugi

reverse punch

r

ba tang son taerugi

palm heel strike

r

sahnkeut taerugi

spearfinger thrust

r

sonnal taerugi

knifehand strike

r

sonnal deung taerugi

ridgehand strike

r

meh joomok taerugi

hammerfist

r

ah keum sahn taerugi

arc hand strike

r

pyun sahnkeut

spearhand

g

ulgool mahki

high section block

g

momtong mahki

midsection block

g

ahrae mahki

low section block

b

sonnal mahki

knife hand block

b

sang sonnal mahki

double knifehand block

r

hae chyo mahki

wedge block

r

kyocha mahki

x hand block

r

sang palmahk mahki

twin forearm block

r

keumgang mahki

diamond block

r

santeul mahki

mountain block

r

hwang so mahki

ox block

Foot Techniques:

g

ap chagi

front kick

g

yup chagi

side kick

g

dolryo chagi

turn kick

g

chig-a chagi

chop kick

b

dwi chagi

back kick

r

bandahl chagi

crescent kick

r

hoohrio chagi

wheel kick

b

beet chagi

angle kick


Stances:

b

joon bi sohgi

ready stance

b

ahp kubi sohgi

front stance

r

ahp sohgi

walking stance

b

dwi kubi sohgi

back stance

g

juchoom sohgi

horseback riding stance

y

kyorugi sohgi

sparring stance

r

beom sohgi

tiger stance


Anatomy:

b

ulgool

high section (face and head)

b

momtong

mid section (torso)

b

ahrae

low section (lower body)

r

muh ree

head

r

noon

eye

r

gui

ear

r

ko

nose

r

mokoomeong

throat

b

mok

neck

r

myung chi

solar plexus

r

pahl

arm

r

pahlkup

elbow

b

pahlmok

forearm

g

ahn pahlmok

inner forearm

g

bahket pahlmok

outer forearm

r

sahnmok

wrist

r

sahn

hand

r

sahnkal

outside edge of hand

r

shankal deung

inside edge of hand

r

joomok

fist

r

sahnkahrak

finger

r

sahnkeut

fingertip

r

noolro

groin

r

dahree

leg

r

mooreup

knee

r

ahp jung kang yi

kneecap

r

bahl mok

ankle

r

bahl

foot

r

bahlkeut

toes



Poomse:

Taegeuk Means the origin of all things in the universe. Taegeuk represents the most profound Oriental philosophy from which Oriental philosophical views on the world and life are derived. Tae Meaning Bigness and Geuk Meaning Eternity.

Taegeuk Il Jang

(8th Gup ) Represents Heaven and Light

Taegeuk Ye Jang

(7th Gup) Represents Joyfulness

Taegeuk Sam Jang

(6th Gup) Represents Fire and Sun

Taegeuk Sah Jang

(5th Gup) Represents Thunder

Taegeuk Oh Jang

(4th Gup) Represents Wind

Taegeuk Yuk Jang

(3rd Gup) Represents Water

Taegeuk Chul Jang

(2nd Gup) Represents Mountain

Taegeuk Pahl Jang

(1st Gup) Represents Earth

Koryo (Korea)

(1st Dan) The name Korea is an adaptation of the name Koryo, one of the early dynasties in Korean history (A.D. 918-1392), which is famed for its cultural achievements. In particular, it is during this dynasty that the valiant fighting spirit of its people allowed them to halt the Mongolian invasion of the Korean peninsula. Each movement of the form should be performed with strong conviction to reflect the indomitable spirit and moral determination of Korean people.


Keumgang (Diamond)

(2nd Dan) The original meaning of Kumkang is "too strong to be broken". In Buddhism it also refers to something that can heal mental anguish through a combination of wisdom and virtue. In Korea, the most beautiful mountain in the Taebek mountain range is called Kumkang. The "diamond" form takes its name from Mount Kumkang and reflects all the virtues associated with it as a symbol of solidity and permanence. The movements of this form should be performed powerfully to represent the immovable majesty of the mountain.

Taebek (Sacred Mountain)

(3rd Dan) Taebek is the ancient name of the modern day Mount Paekdoo, the highest and grandest mountain in Korea. Legends identify this as the place where the semi-divine being Tan-gun founded the kingdom of Choson 4,300 years ago and established the beginning of the Korean nation. Mount Paekdoo is regarded as the symbol of Korea. The movements of this form should be performed with precision and rigorous dexterity as a sign of respect for cultural heritage.

Pyung Won (Vast Plain)

(4th Dan) The fertile plains are where humans obtain sustenance. It is also the place where we conduct our lives. A vast, open plain that stretches away in all directions imparts a feeling of majesty and like. It is this feeling of abundance and boundlessness that is the foundation of this form. The movements of this form should be done with a reserved grace to reflect this concept.

Ship Jin (Symmetry)

(5th Dan) The literal meaning of ship jin is "decimal system". It represents endless growth and development in a balanced, systematic order. Through this form, stability and balance are strived for. The movements of this form should be performed with precision and control.

Jit Tae (Earth)

(6th Dan) All of the living things of the earth have their origins in the earth. In fact, all natural phenomena on our planet originate from changes in the earth. This reflects the cyclical changes of the earth. The movements of this form should be done with emphasis on solidly rooted stances to represent out connection with the earth.




Korea and it's National Flag:

The Korean name for Korea is "Hangeuk".The name Korea was derived from "Koryu" the dynasty that existed in Korea from 935-1392.
The Korean National Flag or "Taeguk-ki" was adopted in August of 1882 and contains much symbolism. It contains the following five symbols:

"Taeguk" - The circle in the center of the flag, enclosing interlocking reversed symbols refered to as "Um"(The blue symbol, representing the negative) and "Yang"(The red symbol, representing the positive). Combined, these represent the balance of all things in the universe.

"K'un" - Three solid lines in the upper left corner representing heaven, east and spring.

"K'on" - Three broken lines in the lower right corner, representing earth, west and summer.

"Kam" - One solid line between two broken lines in the upper right corner, representing water, north and winter.

"I" - One broken line between two solid lines in the lower left corner, representing fire, south, and autumn.